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Migraine is a common and potentially debilitating neurological condition which is characterised by severe pulsating headaches which can last for up to three days. Some sufferers experience a range of other symptoms, including nausea, vomiting and increased sensitivity to sound or light and they affect about 15% of the population. Women are more prone to the condition than men and in severe cases, the problem can have a major impact on people’s quality of life, interfering with their personal and professional lives.
Some people have a very clear trigger and can even get one or more warning symptoms before the onset of the migraine itself. Upon recognising these warning signs, the migraine can be prevented or lessened in some way by acting immediately. As such, learning to recognise your symptoms, trying different relief methods and working out what works best for you can really help anyone suffering from these debilitating headaches.
The precise cause of this medical problem is not yet fully understood however, it is thought to be linked to temporary alterations in the blood vessels and chemicals located within the brain. Most studies also show that migraines have a strong genetic relationship, with about 65% of the cases running in families. They can also be influenced and triggered by a range of environmental factors, including tiredness, stress, the onset of menstruation and certain food and drink products.
Due to the fact that there are different kinds of migraine, it follows that there are different kinds of symptoms which some people may get and others may not.
The two major forms of migraine are known as ‘migraine without an aura’ also known as a common migraine, and ‘migraine with an aura’ also known as a classic or complicated migraine.
Migraines without aura may typically last between 4 and 72 hours and can occur a few times a year. Symptoms include:
Migraines with an aura tend to last around an hour at a time and the disturbances can last between 10 minutes and an hour. Other symptoms, aside from the auras, can include:
The kind of migraines you are suffering from and the necessary treatment will generally be diagnosed based on a neurological examination, your family and medical history and symptoms.
Further tests to rule out other issues from which your headaches could stem may include:
Once diagnosed there are certain treatment options in the form of different medications which may be able to help. These medications come under two different categories; pain-relieving and preventive and your personalised treatment option will be based on the frequency and nature of your migraines.
Pain relieving medication can be taken during a migraine attack so as to stop the symptoms whereas preventive medications are taken on a regular basis, often daily, to stop or decrease the debilitative nature of migraines. Preventive treatments will be given to patients whose attacks include:
If you do not feel you require official diagnosis due to the infrequent nature of the migraine or you feel you know the cause, (such as food or drink), then there are over the counter forms of treatment, either with or without a prescription, including basic pain relief such as paracetamol along with Ergots, opioid medications, anti-nausea medications and glucocorticoids.
The other most common form of medication for migraine is known as triptans which are believed to reverse the changes in the brain which are causing the migraine. They do this by contracting the blood vessels around the brain which have become dilated, resulting in the migraine.
Unfortunately, there is not yet a cure for this problem, however there are a number of treatments available that can help to lessen the effects of and even prevent episodes. For example painkillers such as ibuprofen and paracetamol can be used to reduce discomfort and you should take them as soon as you notice the signs of a migraine and try to rest as they get to work.
Many sufferers benefit from lying or sleeping in a darkened, quiet room. Avoiding physical activity can help too as exertion has been shown to accentuate the duration and acuteness of migraines. Medicines that reduce nausea and vomiting can also be useful.
As mentioned above, triptans work to reverse the changes in the brain that bring on migraines and at Click Pharmacy, we offer a range of these treatments, including:
By undoing the alterations in the brain, these medicines help to address the cause of migraines as well as alleviating the symptoms. After you have taken your first course of triptans a follow-up appointment will be recommended to ensure it has been effective and that no negative side effects have occurred. Do make sure you consult your GP or book an appointment with a Click Pharmacy doctor before using these drugs for the first time to ensure they are suitable for you.
Migraines can be a distressing condition, but with the right treatments, you can reduce your suffering. To find out more about the treatment options now available, you can speak to your GP or consult our team of medical experts. We are on hand to answer your questions and you can contact us by phone or email.
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