- Side Effects
- Patient Information Leaflet
What is Loperamide
Loperamide is a medicine that's used to treat immediate diarrhoea by slowing down the gesture of the gut. This decreases the number of bowel actions and makes stool much less watery.
How does loperamide work?
Loperamide works its wonders by slowing down the activity of the bowels, thus, reducing the speed at which the contents pass through, leaving the food in your body for a more extended period. Doing this allows more water to be adequately absorbed back into your, therefore resulting in firmer stools that pass through at a slower rate.
What is the difference between Loperamide and Pepto-Bismol?
Loperamide contains Loperamide as an active ingredient. Pepto-Bismol contains Bismuth subsalicylate and comes in a form of a liquid. Pepto-Bismuth is more commonly used in indigestion rather than helping with diarrhoea. Loperamide is a first-line over-the-counter treatment for diarrhoea.
How effective Is Loperamide?
Loperamide is a very efficient way to treat the foul symptoms brought on by diarrhoea and is equally as convenient because there is no need for a prescription to buy a pack. Because loperamide comes in the form of pills, they are effortless to use, so when you are in need, you can get them whenever you like.
Can I buy loperamide online?
Loperamide can be purchased from most online pharmacies and come in packs of 10 and 30 capsules, so if you need them, you can order them as soon as possible, knowing that you are in no need for a prescription.
Feel free to speak to medical professionals at Click Pharmacy if you need further advice on how to use the medication or if it right for you.
How should I take loperamide?
Before any use, it is not recommended that you give this medicine to anyone under the age of 12 unless prescribed by your doctor. Loperamide capsules are only for oral use. For adults with acute diarrhoea, take 2 loperamide capsules as soon as possible and one after each time you go to the toilet with diarrhoea, if symptoms remain or have worsened after 48 hours, immediately consult your doctor. Drink plenty of water so you do not dehydrate, as diarrhoea can cause a severe loss of body water.
How long do I take loperamide and what dosage?
This entirely depends on how your body reacts to the treatment, and symptoms tend to improve clinically after 48 hours. If 10 days have passed and symptoms have not improved, or if they have worsened, you should consult your doctor immediately. The dosage depends on the severity of diarrhoea; the usual dosage consists of 2 tablets of 2 mg a day, however, only if instructed by a doctor you can increase the dosage to 16 mg a day. As the treatment continues, you should gradually lower the dosage. As mentioned previously, do not give this medicine to children under the age of 12.
What are the side effects of loperamide?
Like all medicine, loperamide does have side effects, and these undesired symptoms can be categorised into different columns.
The more common gastrointestinal side effects include constipation, flatulence, nausea, dry mouth, abdominal cramp, colic, vomiting, meteorism, and abdominal pain. The uncommon side effects include abdominal discomfort, upper abdominal pain, and dyspepsia. The rarer side effects are ileus (this includes paralytic ileus), megacolon (including toxic megacolon), and abdominal distension.
The side effects that affect the nervous system include headaches and dizziness as, the more common adverse effects. It also has the uncommon side effect of somnolence, and the exponentially rarer side effects include loss of consciousness, stupor, depressed level of consciousness, hypertonia, and coordination abnormality.
It also has a rare side effect of fatigue. Also, there is a possibility of overdose, so there is an irresponsible use of this medicine, it may result in death.
When shouldn’t I take loperamide?
Never use this medicine if you are allergic to any of the active or non-active ingredients, as this can a dangerous reaction. Do not give this medicine to anyone under the age of 12. Do not take loperamide if you have severe diarrhoea after taking antibiotics, if you are constipated, or your stomach looks swollen or if you are having a flare-up of an inflammatory bowel like ulcerative colitis.
What is the difference between Loperamide Capsules and Imodium Plus?
While they are both effectively used for the treatment of IBS, the main difference is branding. Imodium Plus is the branded version of Loperamide Capsules, making it more expensive.
What if I forget to take my dose of Loperamide Capsules?
If you forget to take your dose of Loperamide Capsules, you should continue to take them as normal after each bowel movement. You should never take two doses at once, even if you are making up for a missed dose.
Can pregnant women use Loperamide Capsules to treat diarrhoea?
Due to the lack of research on the effect of pregnant women using Loperamide Capsules, it is advised that pregnant women do not use it. This is to ensure no unwanted harm is potentially caused to the baby.
Can breastfeeding mothers use Loperamide Capsules?
It is generally safe for breastfeeding women to use Loperamide Capsules. However it is not suitable for long term use, it should only be used for a few days.
Can I take other medication with Loperamide Capsules?
There are a few medicines which you should not combine with Loperamide Capsules, they include the following:
Can I drink alcohol while using Loperamide Capsules?
It is advised to not drink alcohol while using Loperamide Capsules for the treatment of diarrhoea. This is because alcohol can make side effects worse.
Can I take painkillers with Loperamide Capsules?
Yes, it is safe to take painkillers when taking Loperamide Capsules.
Like all medicines, it is expected to experience a number of side effects from using Loperamide Capsules. Common side effects and how to overcome them include the following:
- Constipation: eat foods that are high in fibre such as fruits and vegetables.
- Feeling dizzy: lie down and avoid activities such as driving and operating machinery.
- Feeling sick: take Loperamide Capsules after a meal to prevent nausea like symptoms.
- Headaches: lie down and ensure you drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.
- wind/farting and burping: you should avoid eating foods that may cause this such as lentils, beans and onions. It is also advised to eat smaller, more frequent meals.